- Evaluation of Prediction Models in Medicine
- The Clinician-Data Scientist Dyad: Understanding Both for an Exceptional Convolution
- Medical Information Retrieval
- Argumentation Technology in Medicine
- Knowledge Representation for Health Care / Process Process-oriented Information Systems in Health Care (KR4HC/ProHealth) 2019
- Modern Technologies and Artificial Intelligence in Orthopedics and Rehabilitation
- Transparent, Explainable and Affective AI in Medical Systems (
Tutorial 1: Evaluation of Prediction Models in Medicine
Ameen Abu-Hanna, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The reliable prediction of outcomes from disease and treatment is becoming increasingly important in the delivery and organisation of health care. Advances in personalised medicine are catalysing the search for new prognostic markers. The uses of outcome predictions range from the level of individual patients, where they help doctors and patients to make treatment choices, to patient populations, where they support health-care managers in planning and allocating resources.
This tutorial focuses on methodologies for quantitative assessment of the performance of prediction models. The key to quantitative evaluation is the use of reliable methods for obtaining valid performance measures of unseen data with well-defined characteristics.
The tutorial will clarify the relevant methods and the relationship between them using conceptual and mathematical frameworks. It is explained under which circumstances specific methods are applicable and when they are not. In addition, attention will be paid to the various choices in the design of model evaluation procedures, and the relationship between model evaluation and the purposes for which a model has been built. All methods are illustrated with real-world examples from
Tutorial 2: The Clinician-Data Scientist Dyad: Understanding Both for an Exceptional Convolution
Anthony Chang, Children’s Hospital of Orange County, USA
Despite the surge of interest in artificial intelligence in healthcare and medicine, there continues to be a sizable chasm between the clinicians and the data scientists. There is a fundamental lack of understanding of each other’s culture and domain. In addition, there is
Tutorial 3: Medical Information Retrieval
Lynda Tamine, University of Toulouse UPS-IRIT, France
Lorraine Goeuriot, University of Grenoble Alpes, France
The rapid increase of medical information sources and volumes (eg.,electronic health records, medical forums, scientific literature) on the one hand, and the diversity of users and tasks (eg., diagnosis, clinical trial, health care, etc.) on the other hand, has renewed the need for a future generation of medical information retrieval (IR) systems with the objective of supporting clinical decision processes that provide adequate support for both novices (eg., patients and their
Tutorial 4: Argumentation Technology in Medicine
Philipp Cimiano, Bielefeld University, Germany
Laura Moss, University of Glasgow, UK
Olivia Sanchez-Graillet, Bielefeld University, Germany
Basil Ell, Bielefeld University, Germany
In medicine, complex decisions are made by clinicians often in uncertain conditions. The field of argumentation provides a formal framework for modeling human collaborative deliberations, interchanging arguments in favor or against some conclusion based on incomplete or inconsistent information. Argumentation theory has become an important research field in Artificial Intelligence (AI). The relationship between computer science and the area of philosophy focused on arguments has led to the emergence of a new interdisciplinary field called computational dialectics, argumentation technology, or argument-based computing.
Argumentation has been investigated as a tool for providing clinical decision support, changing health-related behaviors, tailoring explanations, advising patients on treatment regimes, as well as for designing agents working in cooperation within healthcare teams.
In this tutorial, we provide an introduction into argumentation technology for medicine as well as an overview of the main techniques, use cases and applications thereof. We focus in particular on two main applications. First, we discuss how argumentation technology can be used as a basis to generate hypotheses and explanations for anomalous patient responses. Second, we discuss how arguments can be used to support evidence-based decision-making by using arguments as a tool to aggregate evidence across multiple clinical studies
Workshop 1: Knowledge Representation for Health Care / Process Process-oriented Information Systems in Health Care (KR4HC/ProHealth) 2019
Mor Peleg, University of Haifa, Israel
Mar Marcos, Universitat Jaume I, Spain
Richard Lenz, University of Erlangen and Nuremberg, Germany
In the last
These technologies remain at the very core of other medical informatics areas such as decision support systems, e-health, m-health, smart health, simulation, clinical alarm systems, electronic health care records, patient-centered care, modeling, standardization, and quality assessment.
The Joint International Workshop KR4HC-ProHealth in 2019 is the seventh time that two separate research communities merge to address common medical issues, to discuss
As part of medical informatics, the knowledge-representation for health care (KR4HC) view focuses on representing and reasoning with medical knowledge in computers to support knowledge management, clinical decision-making, health care modeling and simulation. This community aims at developing efficient representations, technologies, and tools for integrating the important elements that health care providers work with: Electronic Medical Records and healthcare information systems, clinical practice guidelines, and medical vocabularies.
As part of business process management, the process-oriented information systems in healthcare (ProHealth) view focuses on using business process management technology to provide effective solutions for the management of healthcare processes. This community aims at adapting successful process management solutions to health care processes and needs, with a particular interest in
Workshop 2: Modern Technologies and Artificial Intelligence in Orthopedics and Rehabilitation
Marcin Domżalski, Medical University of Lodz, Polish Arthroscopic Society, Poland
Wojciech Glinkowski, Medical University of Warsaw, Polish Telemedicine and eHealth Society, Poland
Przemysław Lisiński, Poznan University of Medical Science, Poland
Many health care systems in the world are facing challenges due to
In Poland, for example, a patient who wants to schedule an appointment with an orthopedic specialist, orthopedic procedure or rehabilitation (all provided with the public healthcare system) has to wait a very long time – from months to years. This is a major problem not only for patients but also for orthopedic and rehabilitation specialists who due to this problem have to often work with their patients longer than necessary or even re-operate them. Telemedicine available also in rehabilitation could help to solve this problem today and in the future.
Another important matter in orthopedics and rehabilitation is the possibility of improving the quality of service due to new technologies, such as precise diagnostics, personalized long term treatment planning, precise surgery planning, custom made implants, AI-augmented electronic patient records for both orthopedic and rehabilitation specialists, etc.
Improving the quality of service by
The 1st Workshop on Modern Technologies in Orthopedics and Rehabilitation is a great opportunity for clinicians, researchers, product innovators
Workshop 3: Transparent, Explainable and Affective AI in Medical Systems (
Grzegorz J. Nalepa, AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
Gregor Stiglic, University of Maribor, Slovenia
Sławomir Nowaczyk, Halmstad University, Sweden
Jose M. Juarez, University of Murcia, Spain
Jerzy Stefanowski, Poznan University of Technology, Poland
Medical systems highlight important requirements and challenges for